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What Treatments Are Available for Hammertoes?

Monday, 25 January 2021 00:00

A hammertoe is a deformity of the smaller toes that cause them to bend downwards at the middle joint. The deformed joint may make it painful to move the affected toes, and the odd shape of the toes can cause them to rub against the inside of your shoes, leading to the development of corns and calluses. Nonsurgical treatments, such as wearing shoes with a wider toe box, using orthotic devices, padding corns and calluses, and taking anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain, can be very helpful. However, in more severe cases, surgery may be necessary. There are two main types of hammertoe surgery. During an arthroplasty, the surgeon removes small parts of the bones on either side of the toe’s middle joint, which helps straighten the toe. During an arthrodesis, the surgeon fuses the small joint in the affected toe. This will straighten the toe, but you will not be able to bend the toe again. For more information about hammertoes, and to find the right treatment for you, please consult with a podiatrist.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Massimo Pietrantoni, DPM of Rochester Podiatry, LLP. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Brighton and Greece of Rochester, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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